Most common dental treatments during childhood

Correcting any malformation or problem during this period is vital to reduce diseases and future oral problems that may arise during adulthood. For this reason, childhood is the period in which more dental treatments are carried out. But what are the most frequent? We detail them below:

Pit and fissure sealants

Sealants are thin layers of resin that are applied to the chewing surfaces of molars and premolars. They are also placed in the posterior fossae of the upper incisors. The purpose of this treatment is to prevent tooth decay. How? Sealants suppress retentive surfaces that induce bacterial pseudoplate formation, thus facilitating tooth cleaning.

Pulpotomy

This is a treatment similar to that of endodontics, since it is carried out when caries has affected the dental pulp, but in this case in a milk tooth. In this intervention, the damaged part of the nerve is removed and the canals are filled with bicompatible materials.

Another option is the filling or filling, which can be applied both for small cavities and for fractures that have not affected the dental nerve.

Fluoride treatments. Fluoridation

Fluoride is used by dentists to help remineralize teeth and thus help prevent cavities.

Dental extractions

When caries has severely affected the milk tooth and it cannot be treated successfully, it is chosen to extract it. In the event that it is extracted prematurely, space maintainers are used in order to maintain the space in the maxillary arch for the correct eruption of the final tooth. As we have commented previously, milk teeth are of great importance for the child's oral development. Its functions include maintaining the space necessary for permanent teeth.

Hygiene

With them, the dentist strengthens oral cleaning by eliminating the accumulation of plaque and tartar that the child has not been able to remove through regular brushing at home. This treatment is preventive, in order to reduce possible infections and diseases derived from the accumulation of bacterial plaque.

It is very important to teach children the importance of maintaining correct oral hygiene, since it must be taken into account that it is always easier to prevent dental problems than to cure them. That is why it is essential to dedicate time and be constant when teaching children to brush their teeth: they should do it after every meal, dedicating time and paying special attention to the most complicated gaps. In addition, it is important to know when to go to the first visit to the dentist with the little one: there are many dentists who consider that the first visit to the dentist should take place from the first year of age, however, others consider that the ideal is from of the third year, when the baby teeth have come out. 

Article prepared by the experts at Propdental

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