Hemorrhoids and pregnancy: everything you need to know

Nobody likes to talk about hemorrhoids. Surely there are several thousand topics you want to talk about more than this painful and very annoying injury, but we cannot allow a health problem that affects so many people, including a high percentage of the pregnant population, to remain taboo. And is that hemorrhoids are one of the most common consequences of the storm of changes that occurs with pregnancy. 

Some people know this set of inflamed veins as piles, very similar to another common problem during pregnancy, varicose veins. Both are in fact the most common blood circulation disorders in pregnant women. If it is not known in depth what they are, when looking at them or feeling them, it is difficult that they are actually what they are because they have the appearance of a padded and sensitive pad, but this indicates that they have produced a blood clot around the swollen veins. They are the largest hemorrhoids and generally the most painful. 

How many types are there?

From the latter there is something that not everyone knows, that there are two types of hemorrhoids. The ones we all have in mind are the external ones, which are the ones that cause the most inconvenience in many routine tasks, especially if there is a blood clot, as we have recently explained. In these cases, even sitting can be a problem for someone who suffers from the pain they cause in the anus area, although when they feel the most discomfort it is time to relieve themselves and clean up when finished. 

These types of piles differ from those that appear in the lower rectum, internally. They are not visible unless they are very large and slightly protruding, and they do not generate as many problems as the external ones, although they usually cause bleeding in the stools.

Why do they appear?

Like varicose veins, hemorrhoids originate as direct consequence of the pressure that the anal area receives in late pregnancy and also of the circulatory problems that usually occur in this section, and of course are closely related to constipation, another direct cause of pregnancy. They have many characteristics in common with varicose veins, therefore, they also tend to appear especially in the third trimester of pregnancy, and do not necessarily disappear immediately after delivery, so they can still generate many postpartum discomfort to the mother.

What are the consequences?

It's important to put attention on hemorrhoids cause bleeding very often during bowel movements. We have already mentioned it in the case of internal ones but it can also happen with external ones. This, if not known, can cause a very big scare in the pregnant woman, who already knows very well in the third trimester of pregnancy that blood can be a symptom to worry about during the process. Not in this case, since it is completely normal for it to happen, but if you have doubts as to whether the bleeding has to do with this health problem or not, it is worth consulting with your trusted doctor. 

You can imagine, because that is the case even with a simple cold, that during pregnancy they cannot be treated with drugs, which is an effective way to end them, although sometimes they give so much war that pmay require surgical intervention. The only thing a pregnant woman can do, which is not a little, is to delay its appearance as much as possible and, above all, to limit the discomfort as much as possible.

How can they be prevented?

For this, the two sacred councils are the permanent hydration and a diet rich in fiber and foods that can be labeled as "light" in terms of digestion, so that the stool is as soft as possible and constipation is avoided as much as possible, and intimate hygiene. Cleaning the area very well, especially after defecation, is essential, but as hemorrhoids are very sensitive to contact, it is advisable to use a damp towel or gauze before toilet paper, whose rough touch is really unpleasant and painful when in contact with the piles. 

The vidé, if you have it at home and you did not take it off in your day, can help you a lot in this regard because, in addition, many people who suffer from them soothes applying cold water to the area, and there are also those who prefer hot. It is a matter of testing how you feel more comfortable, since it may be that the alternation of temperatures is better for you. And always, we insist, clean the area very well, not only with water, but also with an intimate soap. 

Finally, the posture you adopt when sleeping can add its bit to make you feel more relieved if you suffer from hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Try to lighten the pressure as much as possible on the anus by laying on your side and using cushions or anything else that allows you to be relatively comfortable. 

What has been said, responsibility in intimate hygiene, awareness to drink plenty of water and eat healthy, avoid hard seats and rest relieving the anal area


and a lot of patience. There is no other choice when hemorrhoids make an appearance in pregnancy. 

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